신과학/철학
초심리학/잠재능력
UFO/신물리학
오컬티즘/미스터리

과학적, 비과학적 의학
동서양 대체의학

창조론/과학적 사실성
창조론/철학과 정치

스켑틱스/기타 주제
KOPSA 박물관

 

대중매체 모니터링
질문과 답

토론방법
토론사례

연구회원 게시판
연구위원 게시판

 

과학적, 비과학적 의학
   
  인간 배아 복제, 유엔 위원회에서 결의문 채택(05/03/10 추가)
  글쓴이 : kopsa     날짜 : 05-02-22 14:11     조회 : 4091    
인간 배아 복제, 유엔 위원회에서 결의문 채택 

-----------
2005년 3월 10일 추가. 3월 8일 인간 복제 금지 선언이 유엔 총회에서
가결됐습니다. 원칙적으로 치료용 인간 배아 복제를 포함한 일체의 복제
금지 선언입니다. 그러나 법적인 구속력이 없는 선언이기 때문에 영국, 한국
등 국가는 치료용 배아 복제를 추진하겠다고 합니다. 이 선언이 어떻게
진행이 될지는 시간을 두고 보아야 할 것입니다.
-----------

이곳에는 황우석의 인간 배아 복제와 관련하여 이미 두 가지 글이 게시돼 있습
니다. 아래 첨부한 AP 보도에 의하면 2005년 2월 18일(금요일) 유엔 위원회에
서 “인간의 존엄성과 인간 생명의 보호와 상충되는 모든 형태의 인간 복제를
금지하는 결의가 표결에 붙여져 가결됐다”고 합니다. 

*2004/06/21(과학적, 비과학적 의학)
“스켑틱스와 윤리, 황우석의 인간 배아 복제 줄기세포 추출에 대해”

*2004/11/22(대중 매체 모니터링)
“조선일보 김철중 기자, 인간배아복제 막는 미국의 속셈?”

금번 결의는 유엔 총회로 넘겨져 그곳에서 최종 표결을 할 것입니다. 그래서 채
택되면 법적인 구속력을 갖지 않는 권고가 될 것이라고 하는데 권고라고 해서
무시해도 된다는 의미는 아닙니다. 각 회원국은 이 결의를 반영하는 법적인 규
정을 마련해야 할 것입니다. 

앞서 게시 글에서 언급했듯이 문제는 “인간 생명”의 정의입니다. 다시 말해
서 배아 복제를 포함한 모든 인간 복제의 금지를 의미하는지, 생식 복제만을 금
지하고 복제 배아 줄기 세포 연구 등은 허용된다는 것인지의 해석의 문제가 남
아 있습니다. 어떻게 정리가 될지는  시간이 필요할 것이라고 생각합니다.

여하튼, 미국, 코스타리카, 바티칸 등에서는 자신들의 승리로 간주합니다. 그러
나 한국이나 영국 등은 치료 배아 복제 연구는 계속할 생각이라고 합니다. 영국
에서는 가장 최근 복제양 돌리를 만든 윌머트(Ian Wilmut)를 포함하여 두 곳에
인간 배아 복제 허가를 내 주었는데, 소송이 제기되는 등 윤리 논쟁이 치열합니
다.

이곳에서 황우석의 인간배아 복제 문제를 다루기 시작한 것은 스켑틱스는
과학의 윤리, 인간 생명 윤리를 중요시하기 때문입니다. 그리고 한국에서
황우석의 경우가 그런 것 같이 스켑틱스는 과학에서의 프로파간다를 과학과
이성의 가치를 훼손하는 부정적인 행위로 생각합니다. 관련 진행은 계속
이 글에 추가하여 게시할 예정입니다.   

--------------
U.N. Group Calls For Cloning Ban
UNITED NATIONS, Feb. 18, 2005

A bitterly divided U.N. committee approved a resolution calling on nations
to ban all forms of human cloning which were incompatible with human
dignity and the protection of human life.

But supporters of stem cell research said they will not be bound by the
declaration, calling the language vague and expressing concern that it
could be interpreted to ban all forms of cloning, including stem cell
research.

The 71-35 vote Friday with 43 abstentions reflected the divisions among
the 191 U.N. member states over the cloning issue.

Islamic countries announced in advance that they would abstain because
there was no consensus on the text.

The resolution now goes to the U.N. General Assembly for a final vote.
If approved, the resolution would only be a recommendation, not a legal
requirement.

The United Nations abandoned efforts last year to agree on a legally
binding treaty on cloning because members could not decide whether to
ban all human cloning, or to ban reproductive cloning and allow stem cell
and other research, which many scientists believe may lead to new
treatments for diseases.

The General Assembly last November decided to seek a nonbinding
political declaration instead of a treaty, but the same division remained.

Both sides seemed to call the declaration a victory. U.S. State
Department spokesman Adam Ereli said the United States was still
pleased.

"It's our long-standing position that all human cloning is wrong, and we
are proud of our efforts to prevent human cloning," he said. "So the fact
that there isn't any action by the U.N. to endorse cloning is a moderate
success."

More recently, the assembly's legal committee approved a text drafted by
the chairman of a working group that spent much of this week trying to
forge a consensus, Morocco's U.N. Ambassador Mohamed Bennouna.

The resolution adopted late Friday calls on member states to quickly
implement legislation "to prohibit all forms of human cloning in as much
as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human
life."

It also calls on countries "to adopt the measures necessary to prohibit
the application of genetic engineering techniques that may be contrary to
human dignity."

After the vote, many countries expressed regret that it was not possible
to reach agreement by consensus.

Those against the resolution, led by Belgium, said it would lack clout
because it had to be put to a vote. But those in favor, including the
United States, called it a victory.

"We're obviously very pleased," said Richard Grenell, spokesman for the
U.S. mission to the United Nations. "This means that the United Nations
is stating very clearly that member states should adopt legislation
outlining all cloning practices."

Costa Rica's U.N. Ambassador Bruno Stagno, who has led the fight for a
total cloning ban, said: "We reaffirmed protection of human life as a
principle on which you can make no compromises ... When we speak
about the protection of human life in this case, we are speaking about
the most vulnerable, that is the embryo."

He said scientists conducting stem cell research were purposely creating
human life in order to destroy it for research, and that was not
compatible with respecting human dignity.

The Vatican, a U.N. observer, was also heartened by what it saw as a
victory. "We congratulate the important majority which stated its
unequivocal willingness to protect human life," said the Holy See's
observer.

But South Korea's representative, part of a group of at least 20 nations
who favor therapeutic cloning, said human life means different things to
different cultures and religions. He said it should be up to member states
to decide their own laws on therapeutic cloning.

Britain's U.N. Ambassador Emyr Jones Parry said his country voted
against the resolution and would continue to permit therapeutic cloning
research "because of the hope it offers of new treatments to benefit
millions of people and their families."

"This is a weak, non-binding political statement," he said. "The number of
states that failed to support it is greater than the number that backed it."

Belgium has led the bloc favoring therapeutic cloning. Its representative,
Marc Pecsteen, said: "Belgium doesn't feel bound by this declaration and
doesn't intend to call into question its legislation in this area."

Sweden also voted against the resolution and said it did not feel bound
by it. China voted "no" and criticized the resolution's language as "vague."
The Netherlands, another opponent, said it considered the document did
not ban therapeutic cloning.

Singapore's U.N. Ambassador Vanu Gopala Menon said his country voted
against the resolution because it "does not capture the diversity of views
which have been expressed on this important issue."

"Instead, it seeks to impose a single set of values and beliefs upon the
international community," he said.

Bernard Siegel, executive director of the Genetics Policy Institute, which
supports cloning for research, said after the vote: "There is no consensus
and therapeutic cloning will proceed full steam ahead ... We're heartened
by that."

By Leyla Linton
ⓒMMIV The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved. This material may
not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
---------------------------------